Using the GRADE for research
Hall, S., Illian, J., Makuta, I. et al. Government Revenue and Child and Maternal Mortality. Open Econ Rev 32, 213–229 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11079-020-09597-0
Hall, S., Lopez, M., Murray, S., et al., Government revenue, quality of governance and child and maternal survival. Applied Economics Letters, 1-6 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2021.1963408
How do higher income countries impact the determinants of health in lower income countries?
Read our review in Paediatrics and Child Health here:
In this paper we detail the different pathways through which higher income countries impact the determinants of health in lower income countries, e.g. through their standing within multinational organisations that create international policy and their control over the availability of resources.
How might reducing tax abuse impact the Sustainable Development Goals?
How might reducing external debt service impact the Sustainable Development Goals?
Read our working paper here:
In this paper we detail the potential for progress towards the SDGs if there was an increase in revenue equivalent to external debt service and include a breakdown for every country.
Tax Abuses and Human Rights
How do tax abuses impact human rights?
Tax abuses impact human rights by reducing government revenue. This diminishes a country’s ability to provide sanitation, drinking water, education and other determinants of health and reduces child and maternal survival rates, hereby impairing fundamental economic and social human rights. Increasing access to the determinants of health and survival rates are also among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The GRADE shows the increase in the coverage of these rights if there is an increase in revenue equivalent to the government revenue leaks, including tax abuse.
Our policy briefs can assist advocacy work on tax justice as it provides evidence for the effects of tax abuses caused by a country on fundamental economic and social human rights. To read more about our methodology, see our working paper on tax abuses and government revenue.
Harm done by countries
How do you define "harm done by countries"?
We define ‘harm done by countries’ as the impact on the determinants of health that result from the tax abuses enabled by these countries, which prevents countries from accruing government revenue. This impact is particularly crucial in low- and middle-income countries.
To read more about our methodology, see our working paper on tax abuses and government revenue.
Harm done to countries
How do you define "harm done to countries"?
We define ‘harm done to countries’ as the impact on the determinants of health resulting from tax abuses carried out within a country by international actors. The effect of these tax abuses acts by reducing government revenue and thus spending on public services and the determinants of health or fundamental economic and social rights.